- A-level. In 2015, of all A*/A grades achieved, 49% were in independent schools, compared to 26% nationally.
- A-level. Independent school pupils are four times more likely to achieve at least one top grade than state school pupils.
- GSCE. In 2015, one third of independent school entries were awarded A*, compared to 7% nationally.
Teachers’ subject expertise
- Oxbridge graduates. Since 2003, 6,000 state school secondary teachers have been appointed with Oxbridge degrees (increasing the proportion in the state school workforce from 3% to 5%). The equivalent workforce figure for independent schools is stable at c.17%.
Attainment value added
- Sixth form. In the sixth form, DFE figures show that 37% of state schools add value compared to 94% of independent schools.
- Sixth form. Across all sixth forms the added value average for independent schools is 0.16 and that for state schools -0.09.
- 16-year-olds. New research from Durham University shows that once prior attainment, socio-economic background and gender are taken into account, pupils aged 16 in independent schools have gained the equivalent of two additional years of schooling compared to their state school peers.
- Russell Group access. Among children born in 1970 those attending independent schools were c.2.5 times more likely to gain a degree from a Russell group university than their state school peers with the same A-level results.
- Overall prospects. 2015 was the best-ever year for university entry for schools in independent schools.
- Offer rates. The offer rate for university applicants from top independent schools has increased steadily since 2011 and outpaced the equivalent figures state schools.
- Degree classifications. 82% of independent school pupils gain a First or 2:1 degree compared to 73% of state school students.
Strategically important subjects
- Maths and science. Independent school candidates comprise one fifth of all A-level entries but achieve nearly one third of all A* grades.
- Modern Foreign Languages (MFL). In 2015, 24% of such entries came from independent school candidates who, between them, secured 42% of the A* grades.
- MFL. In 2015, independent school pupils were five times more likely to apply to university for MFL than all UCAS applicants combined.
Sport music and drama
- Overall achievement in sport. Sir Michael Wilshaw commented recently that ‘overall, independent schools are producing far more elite athletes across a range of sports than we would expect… This indicates that these schools are more effective at recognising, supporting and nurturing sporting talent than maintained schools and academies’.
- Olympians. 41% of London 2012 medallists were from independent schools.
- Rugby. Ofsted reports 61% of premiership players and 20 members of England’s 31-man 2015 Rugby World Cup squad came from independent schools.
- Sports fields. The Conservatives sold off 10,000 state school playing fields during 1979-97. Labour added a further 200 to this total between 1997 and 2010.
- Assisted Places holders. Sutton Trust research into assisted places holders (1980-97) has found that these pupils displayed much more self-discipline, self-reliance, ambition, curiosity, communication skills, cultural sophistication and self-confidence than their state school peers with similar levels of attainment. Nottingham High School was fully involved in this scheme.
- Parental profile. 40% of independent school pupils’ parents did not themselves go to an independent school.
- Ethnic minorities. 29% of pupils at independent schools are from ethnic minorities – more than the average across the state sector.
Salaries added value
- First 36 months of employment. When social and income background, prior attainment, ethnicity and region are accounted for, independent school pupils achieve a 6.8% (£1,500) salary premium over their state school peers.
- Career-long earnings. When family background and prior educational attainment are allowed for, independent school pupils will have earned £58,000 more than their state school peers by the age of 42.
Read more on Kevin's blog.